eastern flowering dogwood

The Government Response Statement is the Ontario Government’s policy response to the recovery strategy and summarizes the prioritized actions that the Ontario Government intends to take. Decline of Cornus florida and forest succession in a Quercus-Carya forest. White. Zones 4-9. Eastern Flowering Dogwood is a common species in the nursery trade due to its showy white flowers in the spring, and its striking red berries in the autumn and winter. Under SARA, critical habitat is ‘the habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of a listed wildlife species and that is identified as the species’ critical habitat in the recovery strategy or in an action plan for the species’. Population declines (7% to 8% annually in Canada) and high mortality rates (25% to 75% in some areas of the United States) from the dogwood anthracnose fungus have been observed within the intervening time period. Pierce, A.R., W.R. Bromer, and K.N. May reach 40 ft. high and wide, but 20–30 ft. more common. If an Eastern Flowering Dogwood exists in a vegetation type that is not naturally-occurring in Ontario, critical habitat is the terrestrial area within 20 m of the stem (Figure 1: D). Its presence in the state or province has not have been verified in the past 20 or more years. It has been widely planted throughout the U.S. and Canada in parks and gardens. 2008. Esker and J.E. and hawthorn (Crataegus spp.). Photo by Chris Earley. Several other Canadian at-risk species are found within the Carolinian forest zone. 7 Capable of existing under varying environmental conditions. 1998. Environment Canada is adopting parts of the provincial recovery strategy (Part 2) and parts of the Government Response Statement (Part 3), as specified in this document. In addition, wet conditions can increase the severity of dogwood anthracnose fungal infections; Activities that encourage the expansion of exotic, invasive or introduced species into the Eastern Flowering Dogwood critical habitat (e.g., introduction of seeds and/or plants through direct seeding or planting; or through vectors such as ATVs; or through dirt, gravel or soil that may contain propagules of non-native, invasive species) may increase resource competition resulting in unsuitable habitat characteristics and/or conditions for growth and survival. Recovery techniques exist to achieve the population and distribution objectives or can be expected to be developed within a reasonable timeframe. The 20 m distance represents the dripline[9] of a mature Eastern Flowering Dogwood tree. The population and distribution objectives established by Environment Canada for Eastern Flowering Dogwood are to: Due to the severity of the dogwood anthracnose fungus, the observed rates of decline and the uncertainty around how many individuals/populations currently exist of Eastern Flowering Dogwood in Canada and the United States, it is considered inappropriate to set objectives pertaining to the abundanceof mature individuals in Canada. Not located despite intensive searches of historical sites and other appropriate habitat, and virtually no likelihood that it will be rediscovered. In Ontario, the Eastern Flowering Dogwood is found only in the Carolinian Zone, a narrow band extending from the southeastern shore of Lake Huron to the west end of Lake Ontario. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. Eastern Flowering Dogwood is also frequently reported from the successional vegetation types that follow anthropogenic modification (e.g., agriculture, roadside maintenance). In addition, invasive species can increase shading at Eastern Flowering Dogwood sites, potentially increasing the severity of dogwood anthracnose fungal infections. The ELC framework, used to define the vegetation types within the area surrounding the trees, provides a standardized approach to the interpretation of dynamic ecosystem boundaries. Currently, no sites are known to meet the above mentioned criteria; however, critical habitat may be identified in the future at restoration plantings that meet the aforementioned criteria following long-term monitoring to determine success and level of disease tolerance. Deciduous, with a typical height of 30 feet, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 foot. Planting tips: Dig an extra wide hole to ensure the roots have room to grow outwards Randolph also noted that a competing Ozark folk tale maintained that it was the willow, not the dogwood, that was the guilty, accursed tree. In contrast, dogwood's true flowers are inconspicuous and centered in the middle of showy, petal-like bracts. 2009. Other common names: Eastern Flowering Dogwood Other scientific names: Cynoxylon floridum French names: Cornouiller fleuri Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This dogwood is distinguished by its showy large white flowers that bloom in early spring. The area populated by a vegetation type described by the Ecological Land Classification (, the vegetation type occurs naturally in Ontario, and. [email protected]  Species at Risk Act Policies, Overarching Policy Framework [Draft]. Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in Canada - 2014. 2007. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. 2006. 2009. In some cases, these sections may also include updated information or modifications to the provincial recovery strategy for adoption by Environment Canada. For copies of the recovery strategy, or for additional information on species at risk, including COSEWIC Status Reports, residence descriptions, action plans, and other related recovery documents, please visit the Species at Risk (SAR) Public Registry. The maintenance of open conditions within forested settings may not benefit shade-tolerant and/or forest interior species. Family Cornaceae . All rights reserved. Environment Canada has included an addition which completes the SARA requirements for this recovery strategy. The planning process based on national guidelines directly incorporates consideration of all environmental effects, with a particular focus on possible impacts upon non-target species or habitats. COSEWIC 2007. Reed, P. 1988. 1998. The government’s goal for the recovery of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood is to protect and conserve existing populations, reduce its rate of decline, and where possible, restore populations of the species across its range in southern Ontario. Cornus florida “Appalachian Spring”: A white flowering dogwood resistant to dogwood anthracnose. Historically, the Eastern Flowering Dogwood occupied a significant portion … (NHIC 2010; NatureServe 2010). The ecological risks of such management activities will be considered before they are undertaken, in order to avoid or mitigate any negative effects. The relationship between fire history and an exotic fungal disease in a deciduous forest. This recovery strategy will be followed by one or more action plans that will provide information on recovery measures to be taken by Environment Canada and the Parks Canada Agency and other jurisdictions and/or organizations involved in the conservation of the species. C. florida (Eastern Flowering Dogwood): Height up to 9 metres (30 ft) with an equal spread. As information is currently lacking on the status and genetic origin of restoration plantings in Ontario, these populations cannot be considered targets for recovery at this time. Pterophylla Native Plants and Seeds, R.R. Carr, D.E. Guelph ON, Canada, N1G 2W1 Part 2 – Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in Ontario, prepared by H. Bickerton and M. Thompson-Black for the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Other common names eastern flowering dogwood red-form . Part 3 – Eastern Flowering Dogwood: Ontario Government Response Statement, prepared by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Kershaw, L. 2001. 2000. Daughtrey, M.L., C.R. The potential for the strategy to inadvertently lead to adverse effects on other species was considered. Flowering dogwood opens white flowers in April, usually before the leaf display, and will show off and enhance any spring landscape. Soil: Dogwoods do best in moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil that contains organic matter. comm. A) Existing Eastern Flowering Dogwood at the edge of a naturally-occurring vegetation type surrounded by naturally-occurring vegetation of another type, B) Existing Eastern Flowering Dogwood at the edge of a naturally-occurring vegetation type surrounded by a vegetation type that does not occur naturally, C) Existing Eastern Flowering Dogwood within a naturally-occurring vegetation type, D) Existing Eastern Flowering Dogwood in a vegetation type that does not occur naturally. deciduous forests to more mesic[8] maple (Acer spp.) This species and the Pacific dogwood are prone to dogwood anthracnose, which can be controlled by pruning away affected branches. The Eastern Flowering Dogwood is a small tree with a layered branching pattern and simple, opposite leaves. Windham, and S.C. Redlin. The Eastern Flowering Dogwood’s global conservation status is secure[3] (G5); however, it should be noted that the species has not been reviewed since 1996 (NatureServe 2010). The federal recovery strategy for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood in Canada consists of three parts: Part 1 – Federal Addition to the Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in Ontario, prepared by Environment Canada. This species is generally found in the drier areas of its habitat, although it is occasionally found in slightly moist environments. #1, Walsingham, ON. Identification of critical habitat is not a component of the provincial recovery strategy process undertaken by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources under the ESA 2007. Fruit important source of food for birds. Environment Canada. Jenkins. 504 pp. The hard and durable wood has served many commercial purposes, including in the manufacturing of golf club heads and rolling pins. Also known as great-flowered dogwood, arrow-wood, common dogwood. SH: Historical / possibly extirpated = species occurred historically and there is some possibility that it may be rediscovered. Ontario Tree Atlas map of non-planted Eastern Flowering Dogwood. 38 pp. Eastern Flowering Dogwood is a small tree that reaches 3-10 metres in height and has oval leaves arranged in pairs along the branch. S1: Critically Imperilled = extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation. The provincial recovery strategy contains the following recovery goal for the recovery of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood in Ontario: The Government Response Statement[5] for the province of Ontario lists the following goal for the recovery of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood in Ontario: Under SARA, population and distribution objectives for the species must be established. 240 pp, Muma, W. 2011. The Eastern Flowering Dogwood generally grows in the understory or on the edges of mid-age to mature, deciduous or mixed forests. 4 Any structure (e.g., seed) that will give rise to a new individual. Flowering and Fruiting- Flowering dogwood has many crowded, small, yellowish perfect flowers, borne in terminal clusters in the spring before the leaves appear, and surrounded by four snow-white, petal-like bracts. Lee, H., W. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, P. Uhlig, and S. McMurray. In Canada, the national conservation status is imperilled (N2), and the conservation status in Ontario, the only province within which the species occurs in Canada, is also imperilled (S2?) No need to register, buy now! Large shrub or small tree often used as an ornamental. The species is restricted to the Carolinian Zone in southwestern Ontario. This White Flowering Variegated Dogwood has a dense upright habit (less spreading than other Cornus) with an abundance of white flower bracts in April or May. It has oval leaves arranged in pairs along its branches. The government-led and government-supported actions tables from Ontario’s Government Response Statement for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood (Part 3) are adopted as the broad strategies and general approaches to address the threats and meet the population and distribution objectives. The Eastern Flowering Dogwood, a small understory tree of deciduous forests, is listed as Endangered[1] on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). Holzmueller, E.J., S. Jose, and M.A. Photo by Chris Earley. - beech (Fagus grandifolia) associations (COSEWIC 2007). • EASTERN FLOWERING DOGWOOD (noun) The noun EASTERN FLOWERING DOGWOOD has 1 sense:. WARNING: The fruit of flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans. Some management activities, such as prescribed burns and selective thinning of the forest canopy, have the potential to harm some species, at least in the short term. The performance indicators presented below provide a way to define and measure progress toward achieving the population and distribution objectives. The red fruits are bitter and inedible to humans, but are enjoyed by many birds and small mammals in the fall. Appropriate credit to the Eastern Flowering dogwood inhabits a range of naturally occurring forest and woodland vegetation types and! 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