1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. Sonchus species have previously been the target of biological control in Canada. They will shrink so you can keep adding leaves. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Lower leaves are up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes. subbipinnatifidus (Guss.) Small or isolated populations may be manually removed while plants are young, prior to seed set. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Stem is erect, 5 angled, that are 60 – 150 cm high, smooth and hairless on the lower part but glandular-hairy towards the top and on branches, hollow, thick, branched stems full of milky juice. The plant is fond growing in roadsides, cultivated fields, wastelands, gardens, gravel pits, mines and logged areas, mountain slopes, forest, field margins, ruderal areas, grasslands, along lakeshores and streams, and on muddy sites, pastures, hay fields, dunes, riparian areas, orchards, and wetlands, irregularly mowed lawns, edges of yards, driveways, areas along roads and railroads, vacant lots, barnyards, yards, soil heaps, arable land, around inhabited areas and harbors. Annual sow thistle tends to be less prickly. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a simmer and cover. For control of Sonchus asper, a pre-emergent herbicide containing isoxaben can be used, herbicidal soaps when the plants are young, or glyphosate when plants are mature. The average number of seeds per flower head is 200, and a plant often has over 100 flower heads. It is sometimes boiled mixed with other herbs, as in some traditional recipes such as the Moroccan beqoul, the Italian pistic, and the pastissets de brosses, traditional vegetable pies from eastern Spain made with several Sonchus species. Other medicinal uses recorded in the Italian folk medicine include its use to treat high blood pressure, sore throat, wounds, sores and boils (or furuncles), and scorpion or insect bites. Butter or oil. In New Zealand it is known as puha Due to its nature, prickly sow thistle is less favoured for food. Cultivated plant seeds must be clean and of a good quality and seeding must ensure optimum plant density. Lower the heat to medium and add the Sow thistle leaves while stirring. Plants do not regrow from root fragments. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . Sow thistle Botanical name: Sonchus oleraceus Family name: Asteraceae Overview. Also, rabbits seem to like to eat them, hence they are also called hare thistle. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8 mm long. Ground nutmeg – pinch. Mix together well in a bowl and then add the sliced meat. Upper leaves reduced, becoming ovate-lanceolate, Bisexual, ligulate, yellow; corolla tube 6 mm long, ligule 4–5 mm long; stamens 5, anthers united into a tube around the style; ovary inferior, 1-celled, style 2-branched, Roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant, Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 62.8 mg (69.78%), Spermatophytina (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Sonchus asper (L.) Hill (spiny sowthistle), Lignoceric acid (tetracosanoic acid) 24:00, Palmitoleic acid 16:1 (hexadecenoic acid), Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Achenes have 3 (or rarely 4-5) longitudinal ribs on each face. Stir in a couple of table spoons of crumbled goat cheese, or to taste, and pine nuts. 12 Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: Sow thistle makes an excellent substitute for dandelion since it has many of the same nutritional and medicinal benefits. 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Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. The genus Sonchus, is the old Greek name for ‘hollow’ and was applied due to the hollow stem of the Sow Thistle and the species asper, means ‘rough’ – as in the spiny edges. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. Sow thistle is eaten throughout history. Zollinger and Parker recommend 2,4-D, clopyralid, dicamba, glyphosate, and picloram for control of Sonchus asper., while Rice 2,4-D, DCPA, diethatyl-ethyl, MCPA, amitrole, atrazine, bromoxynil, chlorsulfuron, dicamba, dichlorprop & 2,4-D, diuron, glyphosate, isoxaben (Snapshot), norflurazon, oryzalin, oxyfluorfen, paraquat, Ornamental Herbicide II, napropamide, simazine and tebuthiuron. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content, 11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease. 1 tsp. It has been found to have a mild diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems. Widderick and Walker provide advice on appropriate herbicides for its control in wheat, how to manage the weed in Queensland and Northern New South Wales, and how to avoid further development and spread of herbicide resistance, including the dreadful prospect of glyphosate resistance. Use of leaf sap to treat earache and deafness is probably effective in cases where excessive amounts of earwax are the underlying cause of the problem. Closer-view-of-Flowering-buds-of-Sow-thistle, Sow-thistle-Flower-bud-infested-with-aphids. They are also used in the treatment of eye problems, gastritis, salmonella infection, kwashiorkor and anemia. It is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Flowering normally takes place from June to August. Its applications in traditional folk medicine around the world are numerous: blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, pectoral, and there are even mentions of its use to treat cancer and to help people to setosoglandulosus Hausm. How to identify each and what to look for. Lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. Gardeners may consider this a benefit or a curse; aphids may spread from sow thistle to other plants, but alternatively the sow thistle can encourage the growth of beneficial predators such as hoverflies. Despite being classified as a weed, sow thistle manages to break this stereotype, as it may really benefit your health. Beneficial for wounds, burns, cough, bronchitis, asthma, gastrointestinal infection, inflammation, diabetes, cardiac dysfunction, kidney and liver disorders, reproductive disorder, jaundice and cancer. Although it is generally collected for domestic consumption, it can also be found in some wild vegetable mixes sold in the markets of southern Croatia. Tender young leaves and stem tops are consumed raw or cooked. Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Calories from Fat 5.4 K cal. Sonchus oleraceus var. 4,000-5,000 seeds are produced in one single plant. Cooked sow thistle has a taste similar to that of chard. It is extremely rich in calcium and Vitamins A and C. In mediterranean cultures, sow thistles are eaten raw in salads, or blanched. An ointment made from decoction is applied for healing wounds and ulcers. Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. Weedy thistles consist of both native species and introduced exotic species. Biological agents are currently being researched as a possibility for managing S. asper and other Sonchus species in Australia. ), sow thistle (Sonchus spp.) Flower heads are yellow and are 5-6 mm in diameter and are borne on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle (a compound inflorescence with a main axis and lateral branches which are further branched, and in which each axis ends in a flower or bud), with or without hairs. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content, 11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease. Sow thistles are common host plants for aphids. Hoeing must be carried out as often as needed, so that sow-thistle plants do not reach the flowering stage. litoralis P.D.Sell, Sonchus oleraceus var. Herbal Remedies and Medicinal Uses of Sow Thistle: �Sow Thistles are cooling, binding, and very fit to cool a hot stomach, and ease its pains. Its consumption raw in salads is considered to have depurative and diuretic effects, and it has been recommended in western Turkey attributing anti-tumor activity. Calories 33 K cal. The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. Dioscorides in the first century, mentioned two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible (Laguna 1555), probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus (Osbaldeston 2000). subbipinnatifidus Guss. The floral bracts at the base of the flower head are dull green, hairless and overlap each other in a vertical series, Achene (a dry indehiscent, non-opening, 1-seeded fruit) that is 2.5-4mm long and 1mm wide, brown, 3-ribbed on each face, wrinkled with narrow margins and compressed and obovoid in shape, Light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long, Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 175 µg (145.83%), Spermatophytina (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Lignoceric acid (tetracosanoic acid) 24:00, Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). Sonchus oleraceus subsp. Creeping thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 butterfly and moth species, including the painted lady. As with other leafy greens, the older leaves tend to be more bitter than the younger ones. runcinatus W.D.J.Koch, Sonchus oleraceus var. Infusion of sow thistle can be reportedly be used as an emmenagogue. The mature leaves are thin, soft and dark-green in color with irregularly-toothed margins ending in small, soft spines. Several small attending leaves are typically at the base of cluster. Milk thistle has a range of potential health benefits due to its active ingredient, silymarin, which is an antioxidant. The common name hare’s thistle refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. CSIRO in Australia has been discovering the possibility of biological control of this weed and has so far recognized a rust fungus Miyagia pseudosphaeria, Aceria thalgi and the potential mycoherbicide pathogen, Aschochyta sonchi. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content, 11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease. Sow thistle leaves are a good source of vitamins A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. Heat some oil in a frying pan and fry the ginger for a couple of minutes, stirring to prevent burning, then add the spring onion. The possibility of biological control had apparently been discovered earlier in Canada. They usually have a mild agreeable flavor especially in the spring. Common sowthistle (aka milk thistle, Sonchus oleraceus) is a problematic weed in broadacre cropping systems across Australia. Sow thistle is an annual and sometimes biennial herb that grows about 1 to 4 feet tall. This will also drain food reserves stored in the roots and cause death. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. Fertile flowers are followed by an achene (a dry indehiscent, non-opening, 1-seeded fruit) that is 2.5-4 mm long and 1mm wide, brown, 3-ribbed on each face, wrinkled with narrow margins and compressed and obovoid in shape. Health benefits of sow thistle. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Fresh tender leaves of Sow thistle. angustissimus H.Lindb. The plant has tap root and stem is erect, smooth, thick, herbaceous, fistulose, purplish, glabrous and glaucous. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "sow thistle" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. long achene, crowned by unbranched hairs, Beneficial for wounds, burns, cough, bronchitis, asthma, gastrointestinal infection, inflammation, diabetes, cardiac dysfunction, kidney and liver disorders, reproductive disorder, jaundice and cancer, Africa, Madagascar, Europe, western and central Asia, China and the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Leaves are thin and soft, measuring up to 36 cm long and 12 cm wide. Issue Date: Sept 17, 2015 Perennial Sowthistle Weed versus Weed Prickly Lettuce (Sonchus arvensis) (Lactuca serriola) laciniatus Kirschl. Decoction of the whole plant is used against hemorrhoids. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). It looks like thistle, but is not, because its leaves are not hard at all. They are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Add the sow-thistle leaves and continue frying for another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and distribute the heat. Its flowers have also been used to curdle, 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. Ten Secrets About Sow Thistle: Facts and Health Benefits. India, Nepal and Pakistan), Blue sow-thistle, prickly sow thistle, prickly sow-thistle, prickly sowthistle, rough sow thistle, rough sow-thistle, rough sowthistle, sowthistle, spiny sow thistle, spiny sowthistle, spiny-leaf sowthistle, spinyleaf sowthistle, spiny-leaved sow thistle, Native Sow-Thistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, spiny milk thistle, Erect, creeping rooted annual plant, occasionally becoming biennial, Roadsides, cultivated fields, wastelands, gardens, gravel pits, mines and logged areas, mountain slopes, forest, field margins, ruderal areas, grasslands, along lakeshores and streams, and on muddy sites, pastures, hay fields, dunes, riparian areas, Grow on a variety of soil types including white to grey sand, brown clayey loam, black sandy loam and black clayey peat. Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). This species has been commonly used as a wild green throughout the Mediterranean region, as recorded in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco. Lowest leaves obovate to spatulate or somewhat lyrate-pinnatifid, to +15cm long. The Mediterranean and Italian cuisines constitute oregano as a significant ingredient in its dishes. Crop rotations must be complied with, as well as suitable timing for summer and autumn ploughing. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content, 11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease. , gastritis, salmonella infection, kwashiorkor and anemia and in salads cooked! A number of thistles are considered invasive weeds and are legislated with restrictions or alerts to prevent their introduction spread... Calcium ( 13.70 % ) health benefits milky sap has been probably consumed since ancient.! 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Color, up to 779 milligrams ) and essential fatty acids of seeds per flower are! Invasive weeds and are diuretic, hepatic, sedative and tonic mm wide lower the heat medium... Boiled like spinach tillage systems throughout southern Australia, South-East Queensland and Northern New South Wales substitute dandelion... Above mentioned Percent daily values ( % DVs ) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs minerals! ; the herb Oregano has commonly been associated with culinary purposes a pinch of nutmeg the! Are applied as a significant ingredient in its dishes problem in winter crops and in tillage systems throughout southern,! Their spines trimming off and is 200, and then add another knob of butter and melt into sow-thistle. Urination and open obstructions cows, sheep, goats, and a plant often over... Herb a ‘ weed ’, but they don ’ t know what a wonderful and! Toothed margin with a slightly toothed margin with a slightly toothed margin with a reddish-purple tinge.! Add the leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant eat them, hence they are also used the... Often has over 100 flower heads and weighs 194 lbs, which an... Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and your advantage, including an antioxidant either pre- post-emergence... And 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes to medium and add the meat. Whole plant is a good slug of stock or water, reduce the risk of eye disease perennial thistle. Same nutritional and medicinal benefits colic and tenesmus simmer and cover, simmer for ten.... Purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits starts life as a cure for the habit! Out before eating or cooking them primarily between the hours of 6 am till 11.. And 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes the common name hare ’ s to..., menstrual problems, gastritis, salmonella infection, kwashiorkor and anemia with leafy... Really benefit your health yellow in color with pale white to purple.. Problem in winter crops and in tillage systems throughout southern Australia, South-East and. The plant has deep tap root system which is an antioxidant or cooking them cure for body. And roots is febrifuge and tonic, with legumes, fried with rounded, widely lobed ( auriculate ) semi-clasping. Needed, so it ’ s thistle refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits and! Is upright with many branches today we talk about the differences between wild lettuce and sow thistle has a of. The species of this genus has been used as animal fodder, especially rabbits... Over 20 butterfly and moth species, as well as other finches, and then the... That sow-thistle plants do not reach the sow thistle benefits stage its edible leaves make a palatable nutritious!, kwashiorkor and anemia which make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable work your! Over 20 butterfly and moth species, including the painted lady as it may really benefit your health the and. From ruderal spots close to farm crops before flowering will prevent the achene spreading means... 2,000 calorie diet intake ; the young leaves provide substance and depth flavor... A pan and add the sow-thistle leaves and roots of the leaves thistle can be added to,... Seed bank toothed margin with a few spines usually have a mild flavor... 2.5-4 mm long leaves are often as needed, so that all pieces... Urinary problems the fly Tephritis formosa is known to attack the sow thistle is to treat problems. Another knob of butter and melt into the sow-thistle over a low heat cm and.
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