divergent thinking psychology

Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Divergent thinking [edit | edit source]. [3] Nearly two hundred art and psychology students participated, first by measuring their moods with an adjective checklist before performing the required tasks. Horne[7] illustrated that even when motivation to perform well is maintained, sleep can still impact divergent thinking performance. Anyone can earn You need some techniques to guide your search. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. Divergent thinking is ideational or visionary in nature. [2] This study highlighted the link between behaviours of divergent thinking, or creativity, in playfulness during childhood and those displayed in later years, in creative adolescents and adults. An error occurred trying to load this video. It typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing, "non-linear" manner, such that many ideas are generated in an emergent cognitive fashion. [2] The author noted that during the study, while observing the children's behaviour at play, they "noted individual differences in spontaneity, overtones of joy, and sense of humour that imply a relationship between the foregoing qualities and some of the factors found in the intellectual structure of creative adults and adolescents". Think like a child to boost your creativity flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Good brainstorming will result in many different possible solutions from which to choose. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Divergent thinking in children is an exceptional gift. Their open mind is full of possibilities and unusual, original, and constant idiosyncratic reasoning. convergent thinking: the opposite of divergent thinking, the capacity to narrow in on the single “correct” answer or solution to a given question or problem (e.g., giving the right response on an intelligence tests) creativity: ability to generate, create, or discover new ideas, solutions, and possibilities credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. In this lesson, you will learn to define divergent thinking and be given two examples of divergent thinking that are used in everyday situations. While it has been shown that making music and physical exercise can be beneficial for Divergent Thinking in isolation, it is unclear whether the effects can be combined. Persons in a negative mood may choose optimizing strategies and be more concerned with the quality of their ideas, which is detrimental to performance on this kind of task. Divergent thinking is an important aspect of creative thinking. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Veronica Roth’s Divergent trilogy (Divergent, Insurgent, Allegiant) has captured the hearts and thoughts of millions of readers. Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The idea behind brainstorming is that many minds working simultaneously to solve the same problem will generate a variety of possible solutions rather quickly. Compare convergent thinking. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. The name of this test suggests that it is a divergent thinking test, and its acronym (TCT-DP) makes it easy to confuse with Torrance’s TTCT. In this study, twelve subjects were deprived of sleep for thirty-two hours, while a control group of twelve others maintained normal sleep routine. Convergent thinking is the type of thinking that focuses on coming up with the single, well-established answer to a problem. D r Peter Lovatt has been head of the Dance Psychology Lab at the University of Hertfordshire since founding it in 2008. Brainstorming is the most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner and creates varieties of possible resolutions to another problem. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. The creative process doesn't always take you directly to the best solution but, by encouraging a variety of possible solutions, new ideas are more likely to emerge. Most often, a piece of sea glass isn't just sitting on the top of the pile of sand or stones waiting for you to find it. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Stream of consciousness writing activities can be an effective form of divergent thinking that can help to generate a variety of new ideas. In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Psychology Definition of DIVERGENT THINKING: Thinking that formulates new solutions to problems. Divergent thinking, also referred to as lateral thinking, is the process of creating multiple, unique ideas or solutions related to a problem that you are trying to solve. It is sometimes referred to as “lateral thinking” which is a term credited to Edward De Bono, a Maltese psychologist, physician, author, and inventor. Again, like brainstorming, there are no wrong answers or bad ideas. In free writing, a person will focus on one particular topic and write non-stop about it for a short period of time, in a stream of consciousness fashion. Study.com has thousands of articles about every In most situations, a solution can be reached using any of these strategies, but they are not all created equal. Activities which promote divergent thinking include creating lists of questions, setting aside time for thinking and meditation, brainstorming, subject mapping, bubble mapping, keeping a journal, playing tabletop role-playing games,[1] creating artwork, and free writing. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking.It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and … Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} However, sometimes that creative potential disappears when children grow up in an educational system that standardizes the mindset of all students, unifying their perspectives. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. You can test out of the Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The results showed a clear distinction in performance between those with a self-reported positive versus negative mood: Results showed natural positive mood to facilitate significantly task performance and negative mood to inhibit it… The results suggest that persons in elevated moods may prefer satisficing strategies, which would lead to a higher number of proposed solutions. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. [7] This study showed that even "one night of sleep loss can affect divergent thinking”, which "contrasts with the outcome for convergent thinking tasks, which are more resilient to short-term sleep loss". Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Divergent th inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. imaginable degree, area of Select a subject to preview related courses: While brainstorming typically employs the efforts of many people, divergent thinking strategies can also be effective while working alone. Visit the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. The principles of brainstorming encourage free-flowing thought and encourage group members to share all of their ideas, good or bad, because there really are no bad ideas when it comes to brainstorming. Are you more likely to rely on an existing knowledge base for the solution? [7] Research on sleep deprivation and divergent thinking could be further explored on a biological or chemical level, to identify the reason why cognitive functioning, as it relates to divergent thinking, is impacted by lack of sleep and if there is a difference in its impact if subjects are deprived of REM versus non-REM sleep. Divergent thinking is an essential aspect of creativity and has been shown to be affected both by music and physical exercise. Nearly two hundred art and psychology students participated, first by measuring their moods with an adjective checklist before performing the required tasks. Other articles where Divergent thinking is discussed: thought: Creative thinking: As discussed above, divergent (or creative) thinking is an activity that leads to new information, or previously undiscovered solutions. Divergent thinking is an aspect of intelligence a thought process or method, which is usually applied with the goal to generate ideas. succeed. 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As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 [4][5] In a 1990 study by Murray, Sujan, Hirt and Sujan,[6] this hypothesis was examined more closely and "found positive mood participants were able to see relations between concepts”, as well as demonstrating advanced abilities "in distinguishing the differences between concepts". The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. When it comes to solving problems, there are a variety of strategies that can be employed. Services. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. 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Oftentimes when writers encounter writer's block, they search for ways to come up with new and fresh ideas for their writing. [3] This shows that their subjects are at a distinct cognitive advantage when performing divergent thinking-related tasks in an elevated mood. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. 1. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Sleep Loss and "Divergent Thinking" Ability", Divergent Thinking in Psychology: Definition, Examples and Quiz, Fuel Creativity in the Classroom with Divergent Thinking, What Type of Thinker Are You? Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain what divergent thinking is and contrast it with convergent thinking, Discuss how brainstorming works to generate ideas or solutions, Recall the purpose of stream of consciousness writing. Convergent thinking is used in accordance with divergent thinking. Start studying Chapter 7 Cognition, Thinking, & Divergent Thinking. 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Subjects' performance on both a word fluency task and a challenging nonverbal planning test was "significantly impaired by sleep loss", even when the factor of personal motivation to perform well was controlled. This long-term study would help parents and teachers identify this behaviour (or lack thereof) in children, specifically at an age when it can be reinforced if already displayed, or supported if not yet displayed. Divergent thinking talks about considering several solutions to a certain problem. At the same time, 10-year-olds are emerging from the period of wildly ' divergent thinking ', before a dip in originality that Harvard psychologist Jeanne Chall called 'the fourth-grade slump," when creativity gives way to practicality and logic takes over. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. The results showed a clear distinction in performance between those with a self-reported positive versus negative mood: Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Rights in the U.S. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Divergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking, Convergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Functional Fixedness in Psychology: Definition & Examples, Proactive Interference: Definition & Examples, What is Metacognition in Psychology? 's' : ''}}. - Causes, Statistics & Prevention, Empty Nest Syndrome: Definition & Explanation, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL): Definition & Scale, What is Semantic Dementia? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It involves rigorous gymnastics of the mind that lead to unexpected solutions. I'm sure you've been involved in a brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work. Divergent Thinking Divergent thinking is an important type of thinking in problem solving, and an important concept in psychology. 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Or, you could be the kind of person who prefers to lay all the options out on the table and then decide? Maybe you go with the simplest solution first. After you are finished, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Shake Things Up. Create an account to start this course today. Divergent thinking is a process wherein as many solutions as possible to a problem are generated, and then the best solution from that group is selected. It can be viewed as a form of creative thinking. Already registered? Future research opportunities in this area could explore a longitudinal study of kindergarten-aged children and the development or evolution of divergent thinking abilities throughout adolescence, into adulthood, in order to substantiate the link drawn between playfulness and divergent thinking in later life. Rather than presenting a series of problems for rote memorization or resolution, divergent thinking presents open-ended problems and encourages students to develop their own solutions to problems. Create your account. Intellectual Disability, Connectedness in Psychology: Definition & Theory, Contemplation Stage of Change: Definition & Examples, Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical On the other hand, the divergent thinker questions and doubts the adequacy of existing knowledge. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. What is divergent thinking? Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. In a study documented by Lieberman,[2] the relationship between these two traits was examined, with playfulness being "conceptualized and operationally defined in terms of five traits: physical, social and cognitive spontaneity; manifest joy; and sense of humour". When you have a challenging problem to solve, what thinking strategy do you prefer? Did you know… We have over 220 college Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. just create an account. Some problems demand flexibility, originality, fluency, and inventiveness, especially those for which the individual must supply a unique solution. In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. The goal of brainstorming is to generate as many potential ideas as possible. Adults, Cognitive Disability vs. Get access risk-free for 30 days, This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. While a divergent thinker starts from existing knowledge, the thought processes proceed in different directions, and are not limited or bound by existing knowledge. - Symptoms & Treatment, Kubler-Ross's 'On Death and Dying': Theories & Summary, Quiz & Worksheet - Normative Social Influence, Quiz & Worksheet - Social Referencing in Psychology, Quiz & Worksheet - Zajonc & Social Facilitation, Quiz & Worksheet - Understanding Political Subcultures, Quiz & Worksheet - Subculture of Violence Theory, Somatoform Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Homework Help, Dissociative Disorders in Psychology: Homework Help, Eating Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Homework Help, Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders: Homework Help.

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