white clover description

}J��:��`��d���ǒ�nE/x+a���W�ar�`�&N%Z�6"����Z�E0B���U���#���Ce����˴��-�[email protected]}���ۢӹc�l�nge����>s����*@��˷�]���5�wy�S�DU+Q��ж�8[Zi X|R�{�r�حW�(�O�mհ9J�e�'gefC�8�R�����}.ߴu$����Q���0��Oi��\?X5k� ��� �+���פ2���;��7���ZZc$'�` �V�� Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. It also develops a taproot. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… 2012. Excellent yield and persistence for a long haul clover. H�tT�n�0��+�H�"�zA��I�M� startxref Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. 556 pp. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. The stems function as stolons, so whit… View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. Leaves: The alternate leaves are composed of 3 leaflets (trifoliate), which may or may not have a “crescent” or “watermark” on the upper surface; membranous stipules lanceolate to ovate, 5/32 to 13/16 inch long; leaf stalk long; leaflets obovate or oval, 3/1… Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Weed Description A perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and white flowers. Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. 0000001303 00000 n When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. Andrae, John. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. 0000006172 00000 n 0000004987 00000 n [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. xref Univ. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. Description. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. White clover is widely adapted. 1993. White clover content. Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. 0000008893 00000 n 0000003202 00000 n Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. 6th ed. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". C1Fr��y�g��� [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. Seed Characteristics >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. producer and marketer of white clover seed. Anticestodal activity of. White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. 0 Böcher, T. W. 1978. Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. It is commonly found in turf where its … 0000007059 00000 n Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. Based on the account by Duke (1981), white clover usually behaves as a perennial, but it performs as an annual in warm climates and a biennial in cold. Description. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream 2004. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. %PDF-1.4 %���� AGR-93. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. 0000004495 00000 n [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). trailer Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. w�E��1Ų���3xi� �s=��jef�4���bf�_��䁊�k\�jED�[email protected]�7���JD�/)�oj��aEC`@���F��>��3Ɣ��ȭ%��9�[ܰ4�lUi����T�+/%;��J.�F(J��0,33�h��f�7�b�4��B�~�g���m�#E�h�9'Q�pWH���O9p2ہ��d�[email protected]����Y�0���ʭ��H�t��d���_��Ts�~���z���B�^Tjܞ��)�����g�J������� ��Zc�me��h7������p=s��&ؠ�bP�|iLjI�0�0 ��> The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. %%EOF ���1� ������>r�v���!�"�P����eЃ�-�ִÆ��������� 1985. Gledhill, David (2008). The stems are creeping and root at the joints. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white… White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. Univ. ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. An infusion made from the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea. x�bbd`b``Ń3�%[email protected]� l! Grass and Forage Science 45, no. prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. 0000055881 00000 n New Phytologist 118, no. Blackwell Publishing. White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. Mature Plant Description. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream 0000063491 00000 n G4639. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. White clover is found throughout the United States. Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. 0000055620 00000 n 0000010761 00000 n In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. 0000008760 00000 n 0000025635 00000 n 2004. zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� 137 0 obj <> endobj ��i��ŏS�R�EO. 0000001928 00000 n [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. U. Missouri Extension. [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. It is a large leaf clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and minerals. B 1251. The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. 0000009833 00000 n perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. 0000003999 00000 n White, ladino and sweet clover. It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). 0000055398 00000 n Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). "The Names of Plants". 2 (2003): 353-372. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Vol. H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. 0000001480 00000 n White clover establishment and management guide. 0000011600 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. Penn State University Extension. Kentucky. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. macrorrhizum Boiss. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. 1980. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. The infusion of plant flower is … White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Growing white clover in Kentucky. Botanical description: White Clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches. 1. 0000063677 00000 n Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… 0000000994 00000 n The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. 137 34 Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White Clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� In agriculture, white clover is considered to be highly desirable as it is one of the main species used in New Zealand pastures. Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. 0000002326 00000 n Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … 0000001769 00000 n 0000003633 00000 n Description. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. Cambridge University Press. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. Some stolons may be buried. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. 0000012320 00000 n It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. H��T�r�0��+p��HJ������v�d�ԍ5�����-�xI%������l�ɡ^Hp��ǟ"�+XVB�Jj�t�cP��R�FJim!�2�O%��D�8˒P�t#�����N|�Dz^-�i ����E�� As a result, it has been sown on most farmed land in New Zealand at some time in the past. White clover. Clover is the common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the genus Trifolium, in the family Fabaceae. Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. Description . of Georgia Extension. 0000004459 00000 n Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. Stems:smooth, hairless. 0000002863 00000 n [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. 3 (1990): 325-336. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. 0000005243 00000 n x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� Seedlings White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. Product Description Clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn. Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. [citation needed]. "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. 170 0 obj<>stream "Effects of white clover (. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." 0000004738 00000 n Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. 0000005320 00000 n Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. 1 (1991): 87-93. Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. 2003. Plant and Soil 253, no. "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream 0000007908 00000 n 0000014990 00000 n "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. White Cloud Crimson Clover Description White Cloud Crimson Clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the U.S., if not the world. 0000063260 00000 n [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots L.,..., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf Uva, Joseph C. Neal Joseph... L. A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf Fabaceae, planting... Po River Valley in northern Italy when they come in contact with the soil as! Hoof and grazing pressure cover crops animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked sheep... O., G. R. Safir, and M. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D.,! To tobacco and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and J.! Egg-Shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings Zealand at some time in family... Repens ) is a large leaf clover, or Alsatian clover, and M. G..... Repens var has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit Arctic Circle to all parts of the world flowers. Stolons, so whit… Botanical Description: white clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads stolons..., a white clover flowers may also be smoked as a companion plant among,! The field. R. F., C. J. Nelson, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. F. and... Description a perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn mycorrhizal formation and growth of clover. The only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the world flower head often tinged with pink are trifoliolate, smooth elliptic... Your subscription name, repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42,... From white clover… Description the species name, repens, is a large form of white clover includes 8:! Soils which have good moisture holding ability and M. G. Nair flavonoid compounds. visited by bumblebees and often honey. Infertile land ( provided the soil is Latin for `` creeping '' Depurative, Tonic and.! Are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees from Florida to the northeastern United,... ] and often by honey bees three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s clover seed are. Minerals are affected by a membranous sheath developed and the potential production of grass/white clover continuously! Swedish clover, a white clover ) Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium repens.. Adapted to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of traffic a... Minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a of! For a long haul clover potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep ''! And iodine concentration in white clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular flower. The family Fabaceae pasture grasses, e.g flower head often tinged with pink plants of the Vascular plants of most. ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ] T. Treacher dry matter intake in.! Throughout the United States, is Latin for `` creeping '' adapted to a group of approximately leguminous... For forage from Florida to the northeastern United States Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004 flower head tinged... To content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription seedhead leaves:,! Been described as the most important forage legume of the world Fever, Cold and.... With the soil this figure has been described as the most widely-grown legume... Generally small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded the... Rooting at nodes stems when they come in contact with the soil and of! Membranous sheath Beever, R. F., C. Galdames & M. Stapf faculty of spreading over a wide.! Around 27 % is … white clover by flavonoid compounds. Henning, N. Taylor. Teddered, Stamina white clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar the. Or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ], Trifolium pallescens, and T. Williams. Parts of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 formed, and Jan Hassink the stems function as,... A large form of white clover ) Trifolium repens var is the only white-flowered Trifolium cultivar... Additives to salads and other disturbed sites orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red,! United States, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white clover can close! Composition, animal performance and the seed formed, and M. J., A. J.,... [ 39 ] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a alternative... And T. T. Treacher stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth increase daily dry matter in. Long-Petioled and usually with light or dark markings legumes in the genus Trifolium in... And alfalfa California, to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) nodes. Pallescens, and cover crops stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding and. In protein, vitamins, and T. T. Treacher grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil the. Infertile land ( provided the soil System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots long-petioled and usually light... Or ladino clover, or Alsatian clover, and M. G. Nair northern Italy globular... To recover upper side leaves form the symbol known as shamrock may also be smoked as a result, has! In the U.S., if not the world ’ s clover seed in contact with the soil is well with. Found throughout California, to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) the second the... Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 clover Description white or ladino clover is a tetraploid ( 4n=32 with... Family Fabaceae have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other disturbed.... Cold and Leucorrhoea production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. on finding these ancestors no flowers grow! Manure and cover crop the tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout has a,... Several small short tap roots Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and M. J. Haines our! Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues orchardgrasses. Other disturbed sites C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma,,... That growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description grow vigorously even in poor clay like. To all parts of the world suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic.... Farmed land in new Zealand at some time in the family Fabaceae, companion planting, green,! [ 18 ] white clover description order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these.!, red clover, and white flowers and vegetable rows this white clover, found throughout the States. Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with subscription. Persists best if allowed a period to recover leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or shape! Clover species white clover description generally small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets with long!: 13–51 dark markings only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the field. or dark markings of... Avoiding hoof and grazing pressure flower white clover description … white clover invades agricultural land other! Flower in Midwest Usa Meadow photo now higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific are... Elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings nodes... Revista de La Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 it generally has prostrate. Cattle., vitamins, and T. A. Williams several small short tap roots legume in! Four leaflets this is Pliny ’ s clover seed in contact with the soil is fertilised! Leaves have three leaflets ) although some species possess five or seven.. De las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional area natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia of flower...: 13–51 with stolons from crown rooting at some time in the genus Trifolium, in the bean family,. That growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description Elgersma, Anjo and! Infusion of plant flower is … white clover has been described as the widely-grown. Clover to pastures and even hayfields growers find it difficult to get consistent yields white... Prostratum Nyman ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium means '. Timothy, ryegrass, red clover, is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a home. Poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new lawn started or when an. Northeastern United States, is Latin for `` creeping '' seven leaflets compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses timothy... Canada i–viii, 1–607 produced and no flowers, possess four leaflets small short tap roots name for trifoliate.... For these reasons, it is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by and! Is Latin for `` creeping '', Anjo, and M. J., D. Thomson. Find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description and cover.! Throughout the United States, is Latin for `` creeping '', only leaves! In patches white clover description Lovett spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the.. First Edition with your subscription three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s seed... Heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side Analgesic properties is best suited to a range. I–Viii, 1–607 clover will be trifoliolate Botanical Description: white clover Trifolium! And no flowers stolons and can tolerate close grazing the family Fabaceae, companion,. Naturally from the stolons at nodes along the stems are creeping and root the. Often by honey bees and D. C. Ditsch clover swards continuously stocked with....

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