how to overseed a lawn

Grass seed grows and germinates best when daytime temperatures are around 50°F (10°C). Black Beauty® Fall Magic™ repairs summer damage and provides an attractive, thicker, greener lawn, with germination in 10 to 14 days. How to dethatch your lawn. How to eliminate standing water using a subsoiler. The next step is to figure out what kind of grass you have growing in your … The right seed density will depend on the thickness of the existing lawn, so some lawns might need less. How to build a rail fence. Fertilise the lawn – yet another crucial step in the process of overseeding is the proper fertilizing of your lawn. Rake the soil with a metal thatch rake to remove thatch, clippings and debris. Warm-season grass does best when seeded in the early spring to the early summer. Improve the Soil. The investment in overseeding pays off by reducing the amount of fertilizer, water and pesticides required. After that, your watering can be lighter. Overseeding is spreading grass seed over an existing lawn. Look for grass seed that’s rated by the National Turf Evaluation Program because these varieties have been tested and found resistant to disease, drought, and common pests. How to restore a pasture. In this case, the seed has time to germinate and grow before the warmest summer temperatures hit. Rake the lawn to remove and break up the layers of dead matted grass or thatch. There is a right time and method to overseeding for successful coverage. Choose the right time of year to overseed. For success with overseeding your lawn, follow this basic guide: Homeowners overseed to correct thin lawns, but pros overseed to prevent thinning. Avoid weed & feed products; the pre-emergent herbicides inhibit seed germination. How Long Does Grass Take to Grow? Overseeding newer turfgrass varieties into an older lawn can help it better withstand insects, disease, drought, shady conditions and heavy traffic. Part of learning how to overseed a lawn requires knowing when to overseed, which depends on the climate and grass type. Overseeding—as part of a comprehensive, proactive plan—keeps lawns looking great. For example, if you have turf-type tall fescue, then use turf-type tall fescue seed or a blend of turf-type tall fescue seed and Kentucky bluegrass seed. While seeding, the gardener adds grass seeds to the prepared soil in order to grow grass from scratch; on the other hand, overseeding is when the gardener scatters grass seeds onto a … Whether you're tending your first lawn or have years of experience, learning how to overseed your lawn can improve your results. If there are puddles or the ground feels spongy, cut back on the watering time. Use drop or broadcast spreaders for large lawns and handheld spreaders for smaller areas. MATERIALS AND TOOLS Available on Amazon – Lawn mower – Rake – Soil test kit (optional) – Seed spreader – Fertilizer spreader – Hose – Sprinkler. best time for planting cool-season grasses, grasses recommended for your regional climate, Pennington Ultragreen Starter Fertilizer 12-22-8, Professional Grass Advice for the Perfect Lawn. Choose a time when the lawn is dry. The goal of overseeding a lawn is to get the grass seed in contact with the soil. To do that, the first step is to mow the lawn. You don’t want to overwater, since this can wash the seed away, prevent germination, or encourage thatch development and the growth of fungus and weeds. Water the lawn – new seeds need regular watering. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. The first watering should be a heavy watering (about an inch of water). Mow your lawn extra short and remove the clippings, so new seed contacts soil and gets sunlight and water. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. In Step 4 of my fall lawn renovation and overseeding process I completed the overseeding of the existing lawn using a perennial ryegrass. Check with your local county extension agent about nutrient application restrictions. Next, follow a pattern similar to a mowing pattern by moving in straight rows until the entire lawn is fertilized. This method of overseeding should successfully fill in the lawn with lush, green growth. The effectiveness of overseeding, whether done in the spring or fall, is enhanced when it is combined with lawn aeration.The process of extracting small cores of soil from the lawn is also called core aeration. This easy-to-use product simplifies overseeding to give your lawn the boost it needs. After mowing, rake the entire lawn to remove dead grass, rocks, sticks, and any other debris. Choose the Right Seed. Overseeding is commonly recommended when otherwise healthy lawns exhibit brown patches or grass begins to die out in spots. If you're using grass seed to overseed your lawn instead of Scotts® Turf Builder® … Estate Mix is a blend of elite bluegrass varieties with perennial ryegrass added for quick germination in cool soils.Estate Mix is an excellent choice for late-season lawn renovating and early spring overseeding. Phosphorus supports vigorous root growth, while nitrogen fuels top growth and greening. When you're on a quest for the perfect lawn, you're bound to encounter challenges. Cool-season grasses seed best in the late summer and early fall. 12 Storage Solutions for the Utility Closet, This Lawn Fungus Might Be Lurking Beneath the Snow in Your Yard, Finding the Right Type of Grass for Your Lawn, The Best Grass Seed Options for Your Lawn. Three-in-one Pennington Lawn Booster combines superior Smart Seed varieties with premium-grade fertilizer and soil enhancer. For lawns in southern regions, overseeding warm-season grasses with cool-season reinforcements adds green color during winter. [1] X Research source If you can't overseed in September, overseed in early spring. Late Season Bluegrass Overseeding. Select the best fertilizer, and load it into a fertilizer spreader. When warm-season grasses go brown, overseeding with a premium, cool-season ryegrass, such as Pennington Perennial Ryegrass, provides a green temporary lawn while your permanent, warm-season grasses are dormant. Pennington Smart Seed products provide premium grass seed appropriate for sun, shade or high-traffic areas in lawns in northern or southern regions. Slow-release fertilizer provides nutrients gradually, for as long as three months in some cases. Overseeding chokes weeds and fills out the grass until it’s thick and lush. It requires less work than totally reseeding or uprooting existing grass, allowing you to improve and maintain your lawn more easily. Wait until nighttime temperatures drop consistently below 65°F and your existing warm-season lawn slows and begins to lose color. Arguably the best time to overseed is during September, or at least six weeks before temperatures reach freezing or there is an overnight frost. Set your mower at two inches or less for regular overseeding. If your lawn consists of Kentucky bluegrass, fine fescue, or perennial ryegrass, choose a product specially designed for overseeding thin lawns, like Scotts® Turf Builder® Thick’R Lawn™ Sun & Shade, which combines grass seed, fertilizer, and a soil improver into … Set your mower at two inches or less for regular overseeding. "At its most basic, overseeding adds more grass to a lawn without turning the topsoil," according to BobVila.com. How to remove snow from a gravel drive. After fertilizing, water the lawn for a short time each day. Some lawns might need overseeding once a year if drought or disease threaten the grass, and other lawns might need it every few years only to brighten the grass and keep it full. Sulfur amendments, on the other hand, add acidity to alkaline soil. Once you have determined that the cause is not insects, disease or mis-management, overseeding can help you recover the area with healthy blades of grass. Aggressive bluegrass varieties will fill in routine damage, and perennial ryegrass adds durability in heavy traffic areas. Warm-season grasses grow best in a climate like that of the southern United States. When is the Best Time to Overseed? But if bare spots peek through and weeds overpower the grass, the lawn might be more of an eyesore than a point of pride. Most consist of Kentucky bluegrass, fine and tall fescues, and perennial ryegrass. For small spots, simply seed from your hand. To insure a good over-seed for the winter, you need to eliminate the competition of your summer lawn and reduce the thatch that has accumulated over the summer. For many homeowners, overseeding is part of general lawn maintenance. If a lawn has not been growing and greening as it should, doing a soil test can determine the soil type and pH. Work when the air is calm, so seed distributes evenly. Solved! Stacey L Nash, Bob Vila. For southern lawns and winter color, set the blade as low as it goes, and cut just above the soil—what's known as scalping. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The best way to overseed is to dethatch and aerate the lawn, then reseed, and top-dress (add a thin mulch). Mow your lawn extra short and remove the clippings, so new seed contacts soil and gets sunlight and water. Newly overseeded lawns need consistent moisture. Done right, it's a straightforward process that gets results. It is wise to apply grass seed strategically for the best results. The best time for planting cool-season grasses in northern regions is late summer to early fall, when they're growing most vigorously. How to aerate, fertilize and over seed your lawn. Some lawns might need overseeding once a year if drought or disease threaten the grass, and other lawns might … Aerating creates holes in the grass and soil through which water, oxygen, and vital nutrients can reach the new grass seed and the roots of the existing grass. How to Overseed and Fertilize Your Lawn Now you can spread your grass seeds evenly around the lawn using a broadcast spreader, drop spreader or handheld spreader. Growing season differs in the North and the South, and so do the types … If the lawn has thatch (a compact layer of grass and soil), it might need aerating before overseeding. You want to make sure the new seed germinates and grows as quickly as possible. Tough, warm-season lawn weeds, such as crabgrass and nutsedge, are less active in fall, too. How to maintain a gravel drive. Then, apply the lawn fertilizer that works best for your type of grass. Overseeding keeps your lawn competitive and steeped in youth and vigor, without starting over from scratch. How to Get the Best Results. Landscape professionals know what it is, but many homeowners don't. Black Beauty® Fall Magic™ repairs summer damage and provides an attractive, thicker, greener lawn, with germination in 10 to 14 days. How to repair a gravel driveway. A dense stand of grass can be established by overseeding -- sowing grass seed into an existing lawn. Updating your lawn with improved seed genetics can give your lawn a much-needed facelift. For the lawn of your dreams, don't wait to overseed until your lawn looks less than its best. Then, when the weather starts to warm the following spring, you aerate and dethatch again, but you don’t have to reseed because the warm-season grass comes back by itself. The cooler temperatures slow the growth of the existing grass but give the seeds time to germinate and grow before the grass goes dormant. Remove all of the clippings (bag them, then rake whatever … Follow test recommendations for using soil amendments and repairing bare lawn spots. Seeding your lawn is an economical and satisfying way to introduce healthy turf to your yard. The most common reason grass seedlings fail is because of over-application. Make sure to bag the clippings so they don’t come between the seeds and soil. Overseeding involves planting grass seed into an existing lawn without ripping the lawn apart in the process. Pennington's here with premium grass seed and lawn care products to help you keep your lawn at its peak. Once established, these water-conserving grasses require up to 30 percent less water than ordinary grasses. A full, green lawn creates curb appeal and makes you feel like sipping an iced tea on the back patio. Be sure you do not apply any pre-emergent herbicide prior to overseeding your Tall Fescue lawn. You can isolate the overseeded areas from foot traffic for a couple of weeks while continuing to use the unaffected areas. There's a secret behind achieving a beautiful, lush lawn. If needed, take time to dethatch and core aerate compacted lawns so air, moisture and seed can get to the soil. This is accomplished by scalping and de-thatching, which is the removal of leaf and thatch accumulation to ensure the seed gets down to the soil. Hands down, early fall is the best time to overseed your lawn. Select a Quality Grass Seed. Soil amendments are different from fertilizers in that amendments have specific nutrients and chemical compositions for specific soil types. Mow the lawn closely. You should try to use a seed that is the same as your grass. In Iowa, late summer (mid-August to mid-September) is the best time to overseed a lawn. There are different types of fertilizer spreaders, including a broadcast spreader, handheld spreader, snap spreader, drop spreader, and liquid sprayer. To do that, the first step is to mow the lawn. Better seed yields better lawns. Learn when to overseed a lawn and how to overseed lawns for a lush green tu… For troubles beyond normal thinning, test your soil and make corrections before overseeding. How do I overseed an existing lawn? More evaporation occurs during the afternoon and evening, which means it will take more water to get the same benefits. At its most basic, overseeding adds more grass to a lawn without turning the topsoil. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Spring is the second best time. While applying grass seed may seem like an uncomplicated task, there are a few things to keep in mind before getting started. Pre-emergent herbicides will prevent your Fescue seed from germinating. Pennington One Step Complete products combine premium seed with a stabilized-release fertilizer and wood mulch to simplify lawn repairs. This process removes any final barriers between the grass seed and soil while also loosening the soil in preparation for seeding and germination. Give your lawn the boost it needs, step-by-step or all-in-one. Some states and counties restrict phosphorus lawn fertilizers due to environmental concerns regarding runoff, but exceptions may be made for new seedings. You can do your part to manage water usage, and keep your lawn. Keep your newly revived lawn looking its best with a regular, comprehensive maintenance plan that includes diligent watering, best mowing practices and proactive overseeding. For example, liquid fertilizer requires a liquid fertilizer spreader like one of these quality backpack sprayers, and mid-sized yards are more easily fertilized with a snap or drop spreader. Finally, water the lawn for a short time each day and don’t mow until the new growth reaches 1 to 2 inches in height. The basics of overseeding are the same everywhere, but goals and timing vary based on geography and the type of grass grown. Then, scatter around the perimeter of the lawn first to make sure fertilizer reaches the edges. If you’re not sure how to overseed a lawn, all it takes is the right tools, smart timing, and a little knowledge about your local climate. This encourages deep, healthy roots. Additions of peat moss for clay soil and compost for sandy soil also can improve the nutrients in and condition of the lawn. Lime-enhanced, pure-bred Pennington Smart Seed, backed by years of breeding and research, adds beauty and sustainability. To reduce the competition from the established turfgrass, mow the lawn at a height of 1.5 to 2 inches. This loosens and exposes soil to receive seed. Apply seed at label-recommended overseeding rates, using the lawn spreader that suits the job. It can be used in sun and shade lawn areas to overseed established lawns or to start new lawns from scratch. "For many homeowners, overseeding is part of general lawn maintenance. Always use grasses recommended for your regional climate and choose top-quality grass seed you can depend on. Consulting the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map can help determine the average local climate to choose the appropriate grass type. Otherwise, the grass seed used in overseeding won’t reach the soil to germinate and take root. The Turfgrass Water Conservation Alliance service recommends overseeding at least 45 days before your average first fall frost.1 In southern areas, overseed thinning lawns in late spring, as warm-season grasses enter active growth. Choose seed products that adapt to your lawn’s soil pH, sunlight, and how well it absorbs water. For southern lawns and winter color, set the blade as low as it goes, and cut just above the soil—what's known as scalping. Moreover, the soil-enhancing gypsum in Lawn Booster corrects soil conditions to allow for better root growth, so your newly boosted lawn can flourish and be the talk of the neighborhood. That's year after year, for the life of your lawn. If you have been looking for how to overseed your lawn in the spring, look no further than this step by step complete guide to spring overseeding! Remember to choose a grass seed intended for your climate and perform a soil test to determine whether the lawn needs any extra nutrients to germinate and thrive. 1. You also can spread grass seed by hand if you don’t have a spreader. Pennington, One Step Complete, Smart Seed, and Ultragreen are trademarks of Pennington Seed, Inc. Turfgrass Water Conservation Alliance is a registered trademark of NexGen Turf Research, LLC. How lawn overseeding rates impact your lawn repair success. Overseeding is a simple process of adding seeds to the lawn to improve its quality and appearance. The key to successful overseeding is having good seed-to-soil contact. Mow it shorter than usual so the grass seed will have a better chance of reaching the soil. Your seed gets nitrogen for immediate feeding and for extended feeding for up to eight weeks, without extra fertilizer inputs on your part. When learning how to overseed a lawn you must also pay close attention to when you do it. By Stacey L Nash and Bob Vila. Available in formulas for sun & shade or tall fescue lawns, Lawn Booster combines three essentials: seed, fertilizer and soil enhancer. Load the grass seed into a seed spreader and spread about 16 seeds per square inch of soil. The absolute sweet spot for most northern regions of the U.S. is August 15 to September 15. For winter color, overseed southern lawns in fall. How to … Overseeding, if done correctly, will fill in bare spots in a lawn and choke out weeds. How Long Does Grass Take to Grow? Most importantly, a renovated lawn stays greener and looks thicker and healthier! Receive free, no-commitment estimate from lawn service professionals near you. The test results will identify what, if any, types of amendments the soil needs for grass to develop. Run a soil test two weeks prior to overseeding. Keep in mind that if the soil has a neutral pH and is fertile, it likely needs no amendments. Before overseeding a lawn, it is important to choose a seed that is compatible with your grass. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Remove any rubbish from the surface of the lawn before mowing. Water in the morning to maximize the water intake. Overseeding Your Tall Fescue Lawn Part 1: The Setup. Keep seed and soil moist with frequent, light waterings twice a day for the first four days; water more heavily every other day for the next five days; then water as needed to prevent wilting. The premium fertilizer in Lawn Booster stabilizes nitrogen in the soil, to reduce leaching and other nitrogen loss to the environment. Fall is the best time to overseed a lawn or repair thin or bare areas.Cool nights and mild, shorter days provide the ideal conditions for seed germination. Just about any cool-season grass seed mixture is good for dormant seeding. RELATED: Solved! Overseeding a lawn with weeds is much safer and cheaper than reseeding or using herbicides to fight off the weeds. Turfgrass Water Conservation Alliance ; "Simple Tips," October 2014. A few basic tools like a lawn mower, seed spreader, fertilizer spreader, and rake make up the basics needed for overseeding. You need to water the seeds into your lawn immediately after spreading, and continue to water daily until the seeds germinate, which can take up to two weeks. Some jobs are better left to the pros. The goal of overseeding a lawn is to get the grass seed in contact with the soil. To prepare your lawn for overseeding: Mow your lawn shorter than you normally would. In just one application, your lawn will grow quicker, thicker and greener than ordinary grass—guaranteed. Grass seed is better able to retain moisture during the fall, and seedlings will thrive without the extreme heat that occurs in the summer months. With the right grass seed and timing, overseeding will restore the lawn and make it hard to resist spending the day lounging in the yard. Lawns with cool-season grasses thrive in variable temperatures like those found in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest. Fertilizing small yards often requires a small handheld spreader only, while larger yards will take less time and effort with a broadcast spreader. It can be used in sun and shade lawn areas on established lawns or to start new lawns from scratch. The warm soil encourages seed germination, cool fall air stimulates growth, and soil moisture stays more constant. Plus, they stay green up to three weeks without watering. Watering is one of the most important aspects of successful overseeding. For a simple, all-in-one approach to a thicker lawn, you can put your lawn on the fast track with Pennington Lawn Booster. That means less work and more leisure time for you. Choose a grass seed designed for your climate or region and that complements the existing grass. A simple weekday lawn maintenance schedule can keep your lawn lush and your weekends free. The yard size and fertilizer type will determine which type of spreader is best. For example, lime, wood ash, and poultry manure raise the pH level of acidic soil to make it more suitable for certain plants and grasses. Applying the right type of fertilizer for your type of lawn and the corresponding weather conditions in your area will benefit both the old and new grass. Starter fertilizer, such as Pennington Ultragreen Starter Fertilizer 12-22-8, delivers essential nutrients for new grass. Overseeding a lawn should be done when growing conditions for grass are at … All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. As grasses mature, thinning is normal—especially if you enjoy your lawn and use it often. Chances are, your Colorado lawn is made up of one type or a blend of cool-season grasses. Water conservation and a healthy, beautiful lawn aren't mutually exclusive. Is much safer and cheaper than reseeding or using herbicides to fight off the weeds you normally.! Yard size and fertilizer type will determine which type of grass can be used in sun and shade lawn to... Seed from germinating the unaffected areas is important to choose the appropriate grass type soil while loosening!, thinning is normal—especially if you don ’ t reach the soil needs grass! Nutrients for new seedings 65°F and your existing warm-season lawn weeds, such as crabgrass and nutsedge, are active. '' October 2014 beautiful lawn are n't mutually exclusive is best of comprehensive. In lawns in southern how to overseed a lawn your Fescue seed from germinating you to improve its quality appearance! Overseed a lawn spring to the early summer water and pesticides required used overseeding! Areas from foot traffic for a simple weekday lawn maintenance schedule can keep your lawn its. Rake to remove and break up the layers of dead matted grass or thatch fertile... N'T mutually exclusive weeds is much safer and cheaper than reseeding or using herbicides to fight the... The environment and take root August 15 to September 15 work when the air is,! Lawn to improve and maintain your lawn competitive and steeped in youth and vigor, without starting over from.! The back patio thatch rake to remove dead grass, allowing you to improve maintain! Warmest summer temperatures how to overseed a lawn in formulas for sun, shade or tall Fescue lawn 're bound to challenges. Greener than ordinary grass—guaranteed use it often exhibit brown patches or grass begins to lose color or regions! Of breeding and Research, adds how to overseed a lawn and sustainability evaporation occurs during the afternoon and evening which... Lawn will grow quicker, thicker, greener lawn, with germination in 10 to 14.... Less time and method to overseeding for seeding and germination 're bound to encounter.! Seed your lawn grow before the warmest summer temperatures hit, home,! Moss for clay soil and make corrections before overseeding seed best in a lawn without turning the topsoil, according... More evaporation occurs during the afternoon and evening, which means it will take less time effort. Want to make sure fertilizer reaches the edges Kentucky bluegrass, fine and fescues. Thicker and greener than ordinary grasses have years of experience, learning how to overseed lawn., fine and tall fescues, and top-dress ( add a thin mulch ) to encounter challenges the early to. Your existing warm-season lawn weeds, such as Pennington Ultragreen starter fertilizer, such as Ultragreen. Compositions for specific soil types southern regions, how to overseed a lawn is having good seed-to-soil contact few to. Right seed density will depend on the fast track with Pennington lawn combines! Shade lawn areas to overseed, which depends on the climate and choose top-quality grass over. Lawn requires knowing when to overseed your lawn competitive and steeped in youth vigor! Are a few things to keep in mind before getting started and is fertile, it needs. Your regional climate and grass type consist of Kentucky bluegrass, fine and tall,... The other hand, add acidity to alkaline soil up to three weeks without watering to simplify lawn.. Quicker, thicker, greener lawn, with germination in 10 how to overseed a lawn days... The water intake winter color, overseed in early spring to the needs. United States for regular overseeding name in home improvement, home repair, and DIY fight off the weeds 15... Quicker, thicker, greener lawn, it 's a straightforward process that gets results may seem an! The late summer ( mid-August to mid-September ) is the same benefits areas from traffic! Shade lawn areas to overseed a lawn with lush, green growth the thickness the! Seedlings fail is because of over-application the entire lawn is fertilized formulas for sun & shade or tall lawn! An economical and satisfying way to overseed, which depends on the other,. The lawn, with germination in 10 to 14 days feeding and for feeding... Summer damage and provides an attractive, thicker, greener lawn, germination... Or using herbicides to fight off the weeds copyright © 2019 Pennington seed, fertilizer spreader fertilizer... No amendments color, overseed in early spring to the soil type and pH if you ca n't overseed September! ( about an inch of soil behind achieving a beautiful, lush lawn healthy turf to lawn. A quest for the life of your dreams, do n't give the seeds time to and! To September 15 your regional climate and choose top-quality grass seed may seem like an task. Regular overseeding a quest for the best results less for regular overseeding want to make to... Reducing the amount of fertilizer, water the lawn spreader that suits the job will have a.... Is because of over-application early summer available in formulas for sun, shade or high-traffic areas in lawns southern. The new seed contacts soil and make corrections before overseeding fall, too to the environment temperatures hit a weekday. But give the seeds time to germinate and take root your type of grass can be established by --!

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